In recent years, the Postgraduate Program has been taking part of institutional exchanges with European universities (German French, Spanish and Potuguese), African (Cape Verde), Latin America and the Caribbean and the United States, as well as national academic institutions.


The default of internationalization undertaken by Geography, in particular by Universidade Federal do Ceará, denotes representative dynamics of actions and interactions with international institutions which requalifies time. From the establishment of the undergraduate program (1964) at its beginning, to the implementation of postgraduate program (2004), in the recent past, are glimpsed two standard genres, one marked by asymmetric dynamics and other by the quest and implementation of symmetry.

The Initial Asymmetrical Dynamics

The constitution of Geography in Brazil was strongly marked by the bond established with the French School of Geography, when we denote the pioneering role of the Universidade de São Paulo (USP), which ended up being replicated, keeping its proportions, Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC).

In Universidade Federal do Ceará, the contact with the French School took place in the learning undertaken in two areas. First in drafting the first political pedagogical project, resulting from the contribution made by Jean Tricart.According to the possibility offered to staff training in France (doctoral and post-doctoral degrees), a charecteristic continued in time and incorporating other schools, mainly the Spanish school, and then the American and German schools.

The latter domain unfolds in teaching staff composition at Universidade Federal do Ceará at the Geography course, marked by a significant number of Professors trained abroad and who composed the initial staff of our Graduate Professors. Of the eight Professors initially involved in the creation of the Master Degree in Geography, six of them conducted doctoral studies abroad (France and Spain respectively four two teachers) and three post-doctoral (two in France and one in the United States of America).
This fact has been reinforced, after Professors taking part of post-doctoral degrees in the United States (1) and in Spain (1). Even today this is a mark of our program in the composition of the staff of educators as the origin of the doctoral training is highlighted (approximately 1/3), compared to other programs on a national scale.

The process of training our staff abroad (PhD and especially post-doctoral) constitutes the foundation on which the exchanges established with foreign countries, and in another domain if present. From the initial contact, the student condition and / or supervised training, they present first links ohf establishment of opportunities to seek symmetry and even before the postgraduate degree was created.It refers to the first initiatives of establishment of larger projects and collating the research domain and consequently relationships establishments as researchers. In this area we highlight agreements established with Europe, specifically France and Germany.

France was our main partner, with implementation of agreements with the Université Paris VIII and Université Paris IV. With the first institution established itself, from 1995 to 1999 a CAPES / COFECUB agreement, consist of scientific and university cooperation in the urban domain and urban geography around the theme Transformations and Urban Mutations. In this agreement changes were implemented to carry out the exchange between the Department of Geography and the Institut Français d'Urbanisme, respectively represented by the Planning Laboratory of Urban and the Regional Laboratoire Théorie des Mutations Urbaines.

Several activities were carried out during this period: technical missions with receiving group of French researchers in Brazil and sending group of Brazilian researchers to France; conducting international seminar entitled Fronts d 'Urbanisation involving Professorrs / researchers from the Department and the Institut Français d'Urbanisme; PhD (1) and post-doctoral (2) colleagues in France, providing the existing infrastructure at the Institut Français d'Urbanisme.

In relation to the second institution, approved in 2002, at the request of the academic unit of Geography of Université Paris IV (Sorbonne), an international agreement with the Federal University of Ceará, which was implemented by the "Department of Geography".

With this exchanges were expanded in both directions (Brazil / France and France / Brazil) with conducting post-doctorate (1), scientific research and internships. Since then, we are receiving French professors missions issued pursuant the completion of the required field stage (Enseignementsv obligatoires et optionnels) of UFR of Geography course Géographie et Aménagement.
This cooperation involved professors, researchers and graduate and postgraduate students, which allowed the exchange of experience at all levels of academic production - teaching, researching and extension.From 1998 to 2002 it was signed with Germany the cooperation agreement with the Technical University Munich Weihenstephan (Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan – TUM), under the supervision of the Chair Landscape Ecology.

Titled WAVES (Water Availability, Vulnerability of Ecosystems and Society in the Northeast of Brazil). The result of the exchange was emphasized in workshops, in which the Technical University Munich Weihenstephan dealt with the simulation model and the database for the GIS and the UFC, from the description of the biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems, developed the index desertification and degradation.It culminated in the production of a work of reference, conveyed by Springer in 2003: "GAISER, T .; Krol, M .; Frischkorn, H. (Eds.).Global Change and Regional Impacts.Berlin: Spring- Verlag, 2003. "Although characterized as first steps in the search for symmetry, this intention could only be leveraged with the creation of Graduate in Geography, the master's level (2004) and, as a result, the PhD degree (2008).

Toward the Symmetry

The Postgraduate degree allows involvement in bolder designs and characterize the propitious ambience to symmetrical exchanges between institutions. The amalgama aforementioned was the starting point to the strengthening of relations with institutions that were already partners, more specifically, with the French School.
The convention signed with the Université Paris IV (Sorbonne) is continued, which resulted in the realization of scientific expedition in 2011, involving a group of 40 people, professors and students graduating from UFR Geographie Course.
The aim was to geographically analyze the dynamics and problems of many of Ceará spaces (Coast, mountains and hinterland) from the social and environmental point of view. Under the overall coordination of Prof.Dr. Jean -Pierre Peulvast and local Prof.Dr. Eustógio Dantas (UFC) and Prof.Msc.Alexsandra Oliveira Magalhaes (Universidade Regional do Cariri), had the effective involvement of Jean-Robert teachers (Université Paris IV é Paris IV - Sorbonne), José Borzacchiello da Silva, Antonio Jeovah Andrade Meireles, Maria Clelia Lustosa Costa and Maria Elisa Zanella's our program.
From these expeditions, relationships have been consolidated between our Postgraduate with the Université Paris IV and enabling: i.Our action as Visiting professors at the Institut de Géographie - professors Vanda Claudino Sales and Eustógio Dantas, respectively in 2006 and 2008; ii.Prof. Participation Jean-Pierre Peulvast since 2004, taking part of the faculty of our program, with contributions in the participation and coordination of research, in offering courses and guidance of postgraduate e PhD students; iii.Conducting of doctoral studies of former students of the master (1 in 2013) and post-doctoral of professors (1 in 2010); iv.Scientific production internationally and disseminated in consolidated journals in the field (Géomorphologie, Geomorphology, Hérodote et Geographie et Culture) and in a book by Springer (PEULVAST, J.-P .; BÉTARD, F. landforms and Landscape Evolution of the Equatorial Margin of Northeast Brazil.Springer, 2015).
From the French matrix, in 2015, it should be noted directed invitation to one of our permanent professors, Prof. Borzacciello José da Silva, to give a lecture at the First International Conference Franco-Brazilian, sponsored by the International Geographical Union and Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, and the International Transition Seminar sociale et environnementale of agricoles systeme agro-alimentaires au Brésil sponsored by Université Rennes 2.is consolidated in these terms, our performance in events involving groups of French studies.
Also in 2015, we started a co-supervision with the Université du Maine, Professor in the person François Laurent, with a project that analyzes the border conflicts Brazil - France (Amapá-French Guiana) Brazilian fisherfolk. Of the initial amalgama, presented above, the profile of partnerships diversifies with the consolidation of the Graduate Diploma in Geography, Universidade Federal do Ceará. Several matrices internationalization are consolidated, it is possible to present them by continents: Europe, America and Africa.
At the end, It stands out the covenants and the dual nature projects, to involve countries from various continents and other institutions, and the university.



European continent

Of the pioneering academic covenants, made with France and Germany, it is perceived diversification of partnerships with Spain and Portugal.
Spanish universities
The largest number of agreements was signed with Spain, involving great number of higher education institutions. From the initial base, professor training of the postgraduate school in Zaragosa institutions and Barcelona, Currently, research covenants are signed strengthening the connection level with the Spanish School and in the field of symmetry.The first of these agreements was signed in 2010 with the Universidad de Huelva.
This is partnership work provided under the Tourism Planning and Land for joint studies of our program and the GEIDETUR (Research Group on Innovation Development Strategies of Tourism Enterprises), coordinated by Professor Dr. Alfonso Vargas Sanchez ( http: //www.uhu.es/GEIDETUR/enlaces.htm ).
The proposal is to establish comparative studies between Huelva / Andalusia and Ceará / Northern Northeast and possible establishment of research partnerships and visits of professors, masters and doctoral students in the areas of tourism, territorial and environmental management and education in higher education. The said agreement enabled the Geography Program of the Universidade Federal do Ceará participation in teaching innovation project, La Evaluación en Asignaturas de Geografía, Metodología Para el Establecimiento de Sistemas de Evaluación Formativa y su Seguimiento.
In the same year it was signed a partnership with the Master's program (Máster Oficial) in Ordering and Management in Territorial and Local development, the Universidad de Seville. This agreement validate a more general statement of commitment between programs of Universidad de Seville and the Universidade Federal do Ceará, that since July 2010 had already been signed.
It was established with the participation of Professor Enrique Javier Lara Lopes, of the Department of Regional Analysis. From the postdoc of the Professor Christian Dennys Monteiro de Oliveira (December 2010 to June 2011, supported by Capes and Carolina Foundation) this partnership possible receive new visiting professors, working mission researchers and / or post-doctoral training, besides postgraduates through sandwich scholarships. A result of the aforementioned agreements two students conducted between 2014 and 2015, PhD sandwich in Huelva and Seville Universities.
In 2012 connections with the Universidad Autônoma de Barcelona were resumed, with the reception of the Prof.Sergio Rossi, with the aim of developing scientific research in Litoral Cearense and taught discipline Graduate (Special Topics 03 credits, entitled Global Change, Climate and Impacts on Ocean), for our students and other UFC programs (LABOMAR and PRODEMA).
In partnership with the Professor Jeovah Antonio de Andrade Meireles, professor at our program, this agreement has enabled; i. Reception graduate student at the University of Barcelona, undergraduate students (15 students 2012-2014) and two fellows Postdoctoral (2016) and co-supervision of a Ph.D. at the University of Barcelona (2015) respectively under monitoring, guidance and supervision of Prof.Jeovah Antonio de Andrade Meireles; ii.Publication in Journal English language Indexed (Shrimp Aquaculture in the Federal State of Ceará, 1970 and 2012: Trends after mangrove forest privatization in Brazil.In: Ocean & Coastal Management - 2013); iii.Design approval in High School Notice studies in 2015.
In it the Professor Jeovah Antonio de Andrade Meireles has achieved progress and consequently, provide theoretical and practical bases for the development of research to address the environmental dynamics of the oceans and coastal areas and in order to assist in the preparation of database inter- and multidisciplinary directed to global change indicators.
In activities counted with the participation of Prof. Dr. Sergio Rossi, scientist specializing in marine natural resources and biological oceanography, focusing on health indicators of benthic coastal populations, coastal biological processes, benthic-pelagic coupling (matter and energy flows) and research aimed at the production of basic data for characterization of environmental indicators related to climate change and sea level.
The methodologies involved were treated at conferences and courses ( "Special Topics 2015.2" and "Geoenvironmental Dynamics of Coastal Zone 2015.2"), to submit tools to substantiate the studies related to the Coastal Zone of the Northeast and Brazil. In the interim we see the consolidation of the partnership with the University of Barcelona, focused on the search for "Ecosystem Services Valuation Integrated: A theoretical construction - methodological support for the conservation of coastal ecosystems in Brazil" and to consolidate in the PhD supervision in Brazil, together with the professor Marta Guadalupe Rivera Ferre from Universidad de Cataluña Central and Sergio Rossi Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.
In 2014, it was signed an agreement with Universitar de les Illes Balears. As a first step in the consolidation of this process, our professors have participated in the same year, doctoral defense stands in Spain, and we already have had the participation of doctors trained in this institution in our post - graduate program, lecturing and presenting thematic papers. Finally, there is also forwarding, in 2014, a former student of our Master, with scholarship of the Brasil Sem Fronteiras, took her doctoral studies at the Universidad de Alicant, under the guidance of Antonio Alledo.
Such insertion raised bonds between our institutions and made possible: i. Co-supervision of Ph.D. of the said student by Professor Eustogio Dantas;Prof. Participation Alledo, with resources of their institution, the XIV Urban Geography Symposium (2015) (In which our Postgraduate acted as organizer) Roundtable entitled "Cidade um Projeto para o Futuro".
Portuguese Universities
In Portugal, several contacts have been established to formalize agreements similar to what have happened in Spain. The first was with the Universidade de Minho (Campus de Guimarães), involving the Professor João Sarmento who indicated a possibility of partnership involving the UFC and UFPR.
However, even attempting to implement it in 2013, until now our intention to direct business researchers to promote investigations with Urban Geography and Cultural is yet not effective.
In 2012 it was configured with the Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, agreement (2012) under the responsibility of Professor Maria da Graça Mouga Pool Santos, representative of the Research Centre for Identity (s) and Diversity (s) (IDRC-IPL, coordinated by professor José Carlos Marques Laranjo).
We formalized in 2013, an agreement with the Universidade de Coimbra, under the auspices of the Integrated Management Project Watershed. To this end joint activities have been held between the two institutions.
In late 2011 / early 2012, post-graduate student conducted our Sandwiches doctorate at the Universidade de Coimbra, under the guidance of Prof.Dr. Lucio José Sobral da Cunha. In 2013, expanding this bond is established contact with Professor Santana, specializing in Health Geography and allow reception in 2014, three PhD students to meet part of their credits in aforementioned institution of higher education.
In 2015, the Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning-IGOT, the Centre for Geographical Studies, Universidade de Lisboa, the doctoral student Tiago Estevam Gonçalves experienced the sandwich doctorate activities in the field of Urban Geography and under the guidance of Prof. Herculano Alberto Pinho Cachinho.



American continent

The covenants established in the continent concerned, older links have been established with Cuba and, in this four-year period (2013-2016), there is strengthening of relations with the United States of America.
Cuban Universities
In 2005, an agreement with the Universidad de la Havana was stabilished, enabling the participation of Cuban researchers and of Postgraduate researchers in Geography and Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering at the UFC.
The theme to concatenate the studies is the Management of Tropical Watershed, in comparative analysis with experiences of Cuba and Brazil and has as main objective to analyze, by an integrated approach, management processes the tropical river basins in Latin America, with different environmental conditions, and propose management models for water resources in its global context. Several research missions were carried out, both in Cuba and in Ceará and professor in the Department conducted post-doctoral studies in Havana (2007).
Result of this agreement was the design of the International Seminar on Planning and Sustainable Development in Watershed. In 2011 the event took place on the premises of the UFC in 2013 was carried out at UNESP-PP and in 2015 at UFPA. Since 2012 activities have been developed from the project ECoMaSD - Comparative study of management of water resources two tropical Latin American basins under different environmental conditions: Magdalena Basin, Ceará, Brazil, and River Basin San Diego, Pinar Del Rio, Cuba. Funding was secured by CAPES (2010 to 2012).Funding was secured by CAPES (2010 to 2012).
The bonds with Cuba continue evidenced in the participation Professor Mateo Rodriguez in Environmental Studies Seminar (2016) and to rely on funding from the CAF (Development Bank of Latin America). It should also emphasize participation of Prof. Mateo Rodrigues in qualifying stalls and defense of theses and dissertation (2010-2014), in offering courses (2010-2014), as well as a set of published works (as in a new edition) coauthored: i.RODRIGUEZ, JMM; SILVA, EV Environmental Education and Sustainable Development - Issues, Trends and Challenges. 3a .. ed. Fortaleza: UFC Editions, 2013. v. 1. 242p ii.RODRIGUEZ, JM M. ; SILVA, EV; CAVALCANTI, APB.Geoecology of Landscapes. A geosystemic view of environmental analysis .. 4a. ed. Fortaleza: UFC Editions, 2013. v. 1. 222p.; iii.RODRIGUEZ, JM M. ; SILVA, EV. Planning and Environmental Management: Geoecology of allowances of Landscapes and Geossistêmicaa Theory. 1a. ed. Fortaleza: UFC Editions, 2013. v. 1. 370p.
American Universities
In 2012/13 along the proposal for application for admission of Postgraduate in Geography the realization of the 33rd Congress of Geographers Latin Americanists, held by the Director of LACG (Latin American Conference of Geographers - http://clagscholar.org/).
A direct reflection of the visibility that our Postgraduate degree acquires in the country, was relevant association to said our conference, enabling completion of the first meeting in Brazil. In this sense, with the support of the Sciences Center and Pro-Dean of Research and Graduate Studies of the UFC, and features offered by CNPq, CAPES and FUNCAP, the Geography Program of the UFC organized the 2015 Congress, under the coordination of Prof.Christian Dennys Monteiro de Oliveira.In its 33rd edition. This was a specially structured communication channel to discuss strategies and innovative arrangements, the study of partnerships between various geographical research groups, able to enlarge a Latin Americanist look in characterizing the lines of our postgraduates.
The event narrowed the links between geographies of Latin America and North America, allowing a healthy exchange / complement of ideas and knowledge among geographers and deepening regional study prospects for common or integrated by renewed thematic borders. The environmental and territorial reality Brazilian first received the scholars of the Conference, constituting a privileged position to face the challenges and approaches that permeate the subject fields of Latin American geographies.
In its realization the 33rd LACG allowed an unprecedented interaction between Brazilian and North American traditions, in the exercise of partnerships and reflective deepening on the Geography of Latinity.The aim was to reach a scientific confluence of dialogues and referrals applied to geographic challenges in this second decade of the century. XXI, whose continuity is already scheduled for the next edition of the event in New Orleans (Louisiana / USA) in January 2017.We had the participation of nearly 300 participants, and 1/4 foreign researchers (United States, Argentina, Canada, Costa Rica, Mexico, Switzerland and Peru, in order of importance), and the remaining 3/4 of all regions of the country (51% Northeast 26% Southeast, 11% North, 7% Midwest and South 6%).
The success of that event led to recognition of Prof. Christian Dennys Monteiro de Oliveira with the LACG, being awarded the Enlances Award in the 2016 version. The award recognizes the contributions of the professor mentioned in relation to the strengthening of inter-personal relationships, academic and departmental between Geography courses, level undergraduate and graduate, Latin America and the United States ( http://clagscholar.org / awards-funding / honors / links-award / ).
This event was the catalyst for promising contacts with professors from American Higher Education Institutions and to justify formalized set of agreements (University of Texas and Florida) and contact establishment seeking extension thereof (University of Kansas). University of Texas In mid-2014, It was an approved PVE / CAPES project, in partnership with Texas A & M University, Texas / United States in order to strengthen ties between the geoprocessing research groups, Climatology and Water Resources between the two post-graduate courses in Geography (CFU / Texas A & M).
This project enabled the insertion of two visiting professors in our program (Christian Brannstron and Wendy), conducting research internationally in the thematic proposals, participating in academic and scientific activities: i. Distance - receiving Sandwich Doctorate students, integrating qualifying stalls and defense master's and doctoral contributing in qualitative and quantitative analysis of data; ii. in person - following annual calendar stay in Brazil, one month each year, participating in field activities, teaching regular courses in graduate school, integrating qualifying stalls and defense and study groups.
The project focus is coordinated by Professor Adryane Goraybe (UFC) and Christian Brannstron (Texas A & M) and links the theme of Wind Energy Impacts on the coast of the Northeast, analyzing, from a vision of socio-ecological systems, environmental perspectives and social deployment and operation of three wind farms on the west coast of Ceará sectors and their interrelations and analogies with wind farms implemented in the state of Texas, the leader of wind power generation in the United States.
This project is expected to end in 2018 and may be extended for another year, and it includes: 1 scholarship for foreign visitor Professor , 5 doctorate sandwich scholarships Brazil-US exchanges, 1 PhD Scholarships US-Brazil.Scholarship for doctorate sandwich:: 1) Caroline Loureiro (March-October / 2015); 2) Paula Alves Tomaz (August / 2016 to April / 2017); 3) Leilane Oliveira Chaves (December / 2016 to July 2017), Nicolly Milk (July-December / 2017); and Wallason Farias (July-December / 2017).Scholarship for Special Guest Professor: Dr. Christian Brännström (August / 2015; June / 2016; August / 2017).Postdoctoral Scholarship Dr. Claudio Frate (July / 2016 July / 2017).
In terms of academic production, by mid 2016 had five articles published and two articles in press awaiting publication in national and international journals.Continuing the connections with Texas, in January of 2016, was granted the approval of the project "Urban Water Provisioning and Household Water Security in Northeast Brazil" funded by the Fulbright / CAPES and the National Science Foundation (NSF / USA).
Its goal is to evaluate the water supply systems of urban households, considering its various sources and the quality of access to water for the inhabitants.This project is coordinated by Dr. Wendy Jepson (Texas A & M University) and will be developed by 2019, with the participation of professors and students in the postgraduate in geography program.
Regarding the University of Florida, we are writing the term that will consolidate the partnership in research and co-authored scientific articles, however, the first commitment has been signed, since in October 2016 the Prof..Simone Athayde will participate in the Program as a doctoral thesis Board member. In the University of Kansas, Prof. Chris Brown will receive in 2017 two doctorate sandwich students to do a month of training in his laboratory and we are currently drafting an agreement to expand the possibilities of exchange, including the participation as "Visiting Professor" of POSGEO UFC professors in its teaching staff.
In addition to the agreements signed and to firm, it should be noted, taking advantage of favorable ambience of LACG, establishing contact with SPRINGER that culminated in involvement of Prof. Eustogio Dantas in publishing (since 2016) of two important collections of the aforementioned publisher, recognition in the area and on an international scale: i.DANTAS, EWC; RABASSA, J.; Sluyter, A. (eds)."The Latin Studies Book Series", ISSN: 2366-3421; ii. RABASSA, J .; DANTAS, EWC; Sluyter, A. (eds). "SpringerBriefs in Latin American Studies", ISSN: 2366-763X. The work done by editors said, the latest collection has released two books in 2016 (DANTAS, EWC Coastal Geography in Northeast Brazil: analyzing Maritimity in the Tropics. 1. ed. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 2016. v.1. 66p; SILVA, JB French-Brazilian Geography The Influence of French Geography in Brazil. 1. ed. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 2016. v.1. 232p.), With two more still expected in 2016 and one more in the first collection.


African continent

The agreements established with Africa fall in different rationality of the priors agreements. We highlight the search for symmetry, especially in relation to institutions based in developed countries, here the partnerships established are strongly focused on staff training in the African continent.In these terms is part of the central government policy of approaching of our institutions of higher education and guided by the approved project "Pro-Africa".
It is in these terms that the Postgraduate Program in Geography and PRODEMA, both of UFC, establish partnership with Alexandre de Gusmão Foundation of Cape Verde. Since 2006 the Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC) and Alexandre de Gusmão Foundation signed a scientific and technical cooperation agreement aimed at the will criaç the Brazil-Cape Verde Studies Center.
In 2007 the Graduate Diploma in Geography is entered in this UFC policy of solidarity with the brotherly country, with participation subsidized by project resources "socio-environmental analysis of degraded areas of Cape Verde", in the midst of the Pro-Africa edict (CNPq ) under the coordination of Professor. Vládia Vidal Pinto de Oliveira.
This project was based on the guiding purpose of the established policy of solidarity and whose purposes were to encourage master students and doctoral candidates to undertake work on Cape Verde; conduct research in locus to support Brazilian foreign policy with respect to Cape Verde; publication of scientific papers on Cape Verde; provide training doctors in our program.The project resulted in international cooperation Brazil / Cape Verde.
It was the program designed by MCT Program / CNPq 06/2007, the Pro-Africa, that the project materialized the technical cooperation agreement between the Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC) and the National Institute for Agricultural Research and Development - INIDA, calling themselves "Analysis Socioambiental of degraded areas of Cape Verde. "It was to analyze in an integrated and systematic way the current social and environmental context of degraded areas, with emphasis on the island of Santiago, considering the indicators of environmental and socioeconomic sustainability.
In the light of this guiding objective, we sought to develop transdisciplinary research based on the following purposes: define ecosystems by studying the social and environmental components, analyzing relevant issues to degraded areas, inadequate practices of exploitation of the land, Predatory tourism, etc.; assess the carrying capacity of environmental systems based on their capabilities, limitations and vulnerabilities; its desirable scenarios for sustainable development from the framework of physical and natural indicators and land use; propose grants for implementation of environmental education programs that meet the needs of the communities involved; support the development of tourism policies that inscribe the attractive coastal areas in the new logic of valorization of beaches as privileged "locus" for leisure.It is in these terms that the Graduate Program in Geography and PRODEMA established agreements with Alexandre Gusmão Foundation, with the National Institute of Agrarian Development (INIDA) and, from 2013, with the University of Cape Verde (UniCV).
In 2009, with the execution of the Project in full swing, was promoted the I International Seminar Integrator Brazil - Cape Verde - Environmental Degradation in Semi-arid. Essentially, it sought to identify new coexistence of adjustments of human with degraded environments. It was also intended to interact and exchange experiences capable of generating new scientific and technological knowledge. It was reflected in the search for a broader concept of sustainable development. And it envisioned to meet the peculiarities of Cape Verde where there are obvious similarities to the semi-arid northeast.
So that, in addition to the vulnerabilities imposed by the semi-arid region, the soils are degraded - sometimes irreversibly - and water resources tend to evident shortage. Biodiversity, on the other hand, has been very strong brands of the predatory actions of man. Ultimately, the protection is persecuted the fragile environmental systems and the inclusion of issues related to poverty, poor structuring of spatial planning and infrastructural shortcomings.
The event was publicized through 3 television networks: RTP, TCV and TV RECORD. This event counted with the participation of four (4) professors, member of the postgraduate program. This partnership has generated several scientific articles and in the book called "Cape Verde: Socio-Environmental Analysis and Prospects for Sustainable Development in Degraded Areas".The prof. Vládia Vidal Pinto de Oliveira, maintained an ongoing exchange in various activities in Cape Verde.
In 2011, the professor was part of the Delegation of Cearense Culture in Ceará Book Fair in Cape Verde "The Earth's moon in the light," as part of the World Word Fair. Also participated in the Commission on cape verdean university, exchanging experiences and helping to develop sustainable strategies exchanges between nations.
In 2014, there was a strong enrichment of exchanges between university institutions of both countries through the International Research Support Program and Education by Means of Teaching and Student Mobility International (CAPES / AULP), under the coordination of Professor. Vládia PV Oliveira.
It was implementation a Master's Degree in Development and Environment in partnership between the Universidade de Cabo Verde (UniCV) and the Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC) aimed at the interdisciplinary training of human resources of high level, based on values and principles of the sustainable development.It was intended train human resources in the development and environment practices, based on the environmental sustainability, socio-economic, institutional, political and scientific-technological dimensions.
When dealing with mobility, under graduation and post-graduation, it has allowed an interaction between theory and practice of research, involving various levels of training (doctorate, master's and undergraduate) in the field-oriented studies for the analysis of the dynamics of landscapes, in addition to the technical training of professionals through postgraduate and graduate programs of the related institutions.
In these terms, it is justified to offer courses for professors: i. Elisa Zanella, providing discipline under the theme Risks and Urban Environmental Vulnerability, part of the Discipline SPECIAL TOPICS - workload of 75 h / a.; ii. Jader Santos with GIS disciplines Applied to Environmental Analysis (75 h / a); and part of the Society and Nature course (20 h / a). Both developed during their stay in Cape Verde orientation activities at the graduate. They were also offered courses taught by project coordination as Interdisciplinary Research Methodology and Geoenvironmental Analysis (37h / h) and Degradation Processes / Desertification (37 / h), both in partnership with Cape Verde teachers.
In dealing with the research, the missions were awarded post-doctoral grants (aimed at professors) and graduate sandwich scholarships, both for Brazilians with Cape Verde foreigners. Also included with sandwich masters scholarship, only for foreign. In 2015, two permanent professors of the Program did postdoutoral internship at the Universidade de Cape Verde, in the areas of geoprocessing and Climatology and Water Resources.
Professor Elisa Zanella developed activity on the Perception of Flood Risk. The survey was conducted from field work with questionnaires in Old Town, 15 km away from the Cidade de Praia. Professor Jader Santos developed activities in order to contribute to the construction and dissemination of research weaknesses and social and environmental risks in Praia, Santiago Island, capital of the archipelago.
It resulted in methodologies and procedures that supported the development of risk analysis methodology for island environments, as well as the production of scientific material to be conveyed in qualified journals and collections that will reveal the characteristics of the investigated territory. Proceeded to the doctoral internship of the PhD Maria Losângela Martins de Sousa, having achieved significant importance as it resulted, as the main framework, the development of part of the Doctoral Thesis entitled: THE DYNAMIC LANDSCAPES SEMI-ARID AND DESERTIFICATION INDICES IN RIVER BASIN'S CREEK WIZARD, CEARÁ / BRAZIL aND RIBEIRA GRANDE, SANTIAGO ISLAND / CAPE VERDE, supervised by professor Dr. Vládia Vidal Pinto de Oliveira (UFC) and co-directed by professor Dr. Sonia Maria Duarte Melo Silva Victoria (UniCV).
The missions of the sandwich graduate students, conducted in 2015, had an outcome than expected because the development of the project culminated in the preparation of bachelorsof Hudson Silva Rocha Completion work Geography of at the Universidade Federal do Ceara resulted on the monograph entitled Landforms and Geotouristic potentio of SANTIAGO - CAPE VERDE. Which was held in 2016 and with the examination board Prof. Dr. Vidal Vládia Pinto de Oliveira (advisor professor) and Profs.Drs. Sonia Maria Duarte Melo Silva Victoria and José Manuel da Veiga Pereira, both from the University of Cape Verde, taking advantage of the mobility both in its Postdoctoral missions (PD) under the Program.
As for the graduate student in geography Bruna da Silva Lima, under the guidance of prof. Jader Santos, attended meetings at government level on issues related to the study theme, the reflection session: "Use of treated wastewater in agriculture" Cape Verde, a theme that will contribute to development of their research.
Equally important, the Cape Verde undergraduates to Brazil obtained a use and very positive impact. It can be affirmed that the graduates Adilson Pina Gonçalves, Alveno John Brito Dias de Barros and graduate student Ailton Lopes Emilio Varela showed a positive increase of knowledge, particularly on the issues involved in their projects. Conducting intensive literature, attending undergraduate courses (undergraduate) and master's (graduate student) and seminars and researching for field opportunities in the following municipalities: Jaguaribara, Aracati, Taua (one of the nuclei of desertification) and Fortaleza.
The training of PhDs, the professor at Universidade de Cape Verde, prof. José Maria Monteiro Semedo made his sandwich doctorate internship in our program whose activities were beyond dedication to research, he also arose his contribution with some subjects in the Undergraduate Geography course within discipline "Environmental Planning" and laboratorial guidance of LAPED (Pedology Laboratory, Environmental and Desertification analysis) scholarship holders.
In the same year was the probation of prof.Jose Maria, the prof.Antonio Pina Gomes Jandir of Cape Verde, on his Sandwich postdoc, had his probation related with the involvment with the laboratories of Nutrition Food (Centre of Agricultural Sciences / UFC) and the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, which accompanied the production of goat milk and Geography Department with the issues of land.
In 2015, the Geography Department received Ailton Emílio Lopes Varela, the Master Sandwich student, involved with several activities with the Geography Program and Prodema. He obtained certificate in Training CAPES Periodic Portal, sponsored by the Library science and Technology and Member Education Committee of the UFC Library.
In 2015, continuing this partnership, the dean of the University of Cape Verde, Prof.. Dr. Nascimento Judice, visited the Postgraduate Program, along with a professor at the Universidade de Coimbra, Prof.Dr. Lucio Cunha, giving lectures and making private meetings with the coordination of the course and laboratories. During his visit to the Dean of the UFC, Judith Birth of Medina Encarnação, Prof.. Dr. Nascimento had the opportunity to discuss various aspects of international relations and the time it was explained about the dynamics of the course implemented in Cape Verde and in the interest of closer relations between the two universities.
With regard to the year 2016, there were missions of foreign scholars (Cape Verde) in undergraduate mode sandwich with students Semedo Domingos da Silva, Edson Monteiro Semedo Valdique, and master mode, the student Gilson Semedo. Students participated in the studies directed by monitors pedology discipline. The participation was assiduously, playing consistently the tasks they have been designated as the Laboratory activities of the Department of Geography, with practices related to soil science discipline as morphological studies of the soil and for tourism.
They had field practices that provided learning of environmental systems of countryside landscapes, mountainous and coastal of Ceara. The activities contributed to the exchange of experiences with Brazilian students and the Department of Geography professors, agricultural engineering and Cape Verde that were studying there.
The scholarship master could take classes in the course of postgraduation in geography and PRODEMA. All participated in discussions on project structure and thematic seminars.
We also highlight the missions of the professors of the Universidade de Cabo Verde in the form of postdoctoral scholarship holders. Prof.Sonia Silva Victoria carried out her mission contributing in different academic activities. She participated in three (03) examination boards - one (1) Bachelor's graduating Hudson Silva Rocha in the monograph entitled "landforms and potential geotouristic of Santiago (Cape Verde)"; One (1) of the PhD geographer Maria Losângela Martins de Sousa in Thesis project "Dynamics of Semi-arid landscapes and Desertification Indices in Watershed Rio Figueiredo, Ceará / Brazil and Ribeira Grande, Santiago / Cape Verde" and; One (1) Thesis Banking's PhD student Leonardo Schramm Feitosa the thesis entitled "Management of riparian vegetation and eutrophication of semi-arid northeast reservoirs.
During her mission, she also participated in various meetings and visitations of UFC laboratories. She helped organize the event "V Brazilian Congress of Applied Environmental Education and Land Management" of the Department of Geography, the event being held only in June 2016. It also highlights the field practice in the Sierra de Aratanha, coastal fortress, Pacatuba, Guaiúba, Redemption.
The field practice was carried out at various times, it was possible to observe the geological occurrences, the modeled landscape, types of soil and vegetation cover aspects of degradation and water resources. Also, it was observed the cultural aspects and history of the visited municipalities.
One way of dissemination and transparency results in the production of scientific papers and the Centre for Environmental Studies book: Vulnerability and Environmental Risks, along with the UFC teachers. The teacher participates in the thesis co-supervision of doctoral student Maria Losângela Martins de Sousa.The mission of the scholarship postdoctoral sandwich, prof. Dr José Manuel Veiga Pereira is another evidenced verification of institutional strengthening and the good performance of bilateral cooperation and a partnership between the Universidade de Cabo Verde and Universidade Federal do Ceará.
It can be seen by the following results reported: Participation by the prof.Dr. José Manuel V. Pereira in three (3) examination boards: 1. Thesis of doctoral student Magda Helena Maia with a thesis entitled "Cognitive Mapping of Drought in the Hinterland Semi-Arid under the optics of Magda Helena Maia Complexity. - One (1) Bachelor's graduating Hudson Silva Rocha in a monograph titled" landforms and potential geotouristic Santiago (Cape Verde) "; 1 (one) in PhD Qualification Exam and geographer Maria Losângela Martins de Sousa in the thesis project" dynamics of Semi-arid landscapes and Desertification Indices in Watershed Rio Figueiredo, Ceará / Brazil and Ribeira Grande, Santiago / Cape Verde. "
The visits and fieldwork were conducted jointly with Professor Sonia Silva Victoria and undergraduate and master's degree. It must also point out that in the year 2016, continuing the International CAPES / AULP Mobility Program was selected one (1) PhD student of Geography Postgraduate Program to develop doctoral stage sandwich at the University of Cape Verde.The research is entitled by "TERRITORIAL IN RIVER BASIN AND SITES URBAN: an approach to cities in Brazil and Cape Verde" and will be in Cape Verde supervisor Professor Dr. José Manuel da Veiga Pereira.
We must point out that the development of exchanges and research with the African country has been further strengthened with the recent course opened in 2015 at the University of Cape Verde with the participation of Prof.. Vládia P. Oliveira V Doctoral Course in Environmental Management and Policy at the Universidade de Cabo Verde.
The course was created by the Network of Environmental Studies in Portuguese Language Countries (NESP), involving several IES Brazil, Cape Verde, Portugal and Africa whose teaching is one of the Network members. In March the professor taught part of the Methodology of Interdisciplinary discipline, in partnership with Professor of Portugal Luis Oosterbeek.
In July, the module on the theme of Desertification was given. In the area of encouraging the development of research in Geography Graduate Program - Cape Verde, it should be noted master's and doctoral studies directed by Prof..Vladia Oliveira, as shown below:


Sentido: Exterior – Brasil

Modalidade da Missão*



(mm/aa a mm/aa)

1º ANO


Adilson Pina Gonçalves

02/15 a 04/15


Ailton Emílio Lopes Varela

02/15 a 04/15


Alveno João Brito Dias de Barros

02/15 a 04/15


António Jandir Pina Gomes


02/15 a 03/15


José Maria Monteiro Semedo

02/15 a 04/15

2º ANO


Domingos Semedo da Silva


02/16 a 04/16


Edson Valdick Monteiro Semedo


02/ 16 a 03/16



Gilson Manuel Lopes Semedo


02/16 a 04/16



José Manuel da Veiga Pereira

02/16 a 03/16


Sónia Maria Duarte Melo Silva Victória

02/16 a 03/16

Complementarily, the doctoral student Luis Ricardo came out in September 2016 to conduct training at the University of Cape Verde, in order to develop activities related to land use and desertification.

Concerning the publication, in 2012 published the book "Cape Verde: Strategies for Sustainable desenvolviemtno" organized by Prof..Vladia Oliveira and to rely on the results of research carried out at the time, as shown below.

Produções Científicas Conjuntas

Título do Trabalho


Autor (es)

A conservação da vegetação da bacia hidrográfica da Ribeira Grande - Ilha de Santiago, Cabo Verde.

Cadernos de Agroecologia,V10, 2015

Sousa, M.L.M Oliveira, V.P.V.;Cabral, R. N;.Sousa, A.C.O.




Análise comparativa de indicadores geobiofísicos da desertificação e da dinâmica das paisagens nas microbacias hidrográficas de Ribeira Grande (Santiago, Cabo Verde) e do baixo Banabuiú/Jaguaribe (Ceará, Brasil),. 

ANAIS do XXXIII Encontro de Iniciação Científica da Universidade Federal do Ceará. Fortaleza: 2014.



Machado, R. M.; Rocha, H.S.; Oliveira, V.P.V





Geoturism in volcanic environments: potentiality of the Chã das Caldeiras - Fogo Island, Cape Verde. :

1st Conference of the 2014-15 Fogo Eruption, Praia – Cabo Verde, 2015.) No prelo

 Rocha, H. S.; Oliveira, V. P. V. ; Victória, S. M. D. M. S. ; Pereira, J. M. V.

A conservação da vegetação da bacia hidrográfica da Ribeira Grande – Ilha de Santiago, Cabo Verde.

Cadernos de agroecologia-ISSN 2236-7934

Souza, M. L. M.; Oliveira, V.P.V de Cabral M, R., Sousa, A.K. de O.

Caracterização de Geossítios com Potencial Geotorístico nas Ilhas de Santo Antão, São Nicolau e Sal – Cabo Verde – África.

Revista Geosul (ISSN- 2177-5230)  no prelo

Pereira, J.M. V; Victória S. M. D.M. Silva: Zanella, M.E.

Degradação dos Solos da Bacia Hidrográfica da Ribeira Grande de Santiago, Cabo Verde.

Publicações do XVII Encontro da Rede Estudos Ambientais dos Países de Língua Portuguesa, (no Prelo)

Sousa, M.L.M Oliveira & Oliveira, V.P.V de.


Agreements and Joint Nature projects (several universities in different countries)


Projects on a global scale developed form, notably EUROBROADMAP. Counting with the participation of Professor Eustógio Dantas, this research project deals with the collective representations of the students in relation to Europe and the World.
It has funding from the European community and involves several educational institutions in Brazil (USP, UFC, and UFAM UFRJ) and other continents: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Université Paris Diderot Paris 7; Université Libre de Belgique; Centre for Geographical Studies (Portugal); Nordic Center for Spatial Developement (Sweden), IRMCo (Malta); Alexandru Ioan Cuza University (Romania); Dokuz Evlul University (Turkey); CAUPA (Cameron); East China Normal University (China); Delhi School of Economics (India).(SITE: http: //www.eurobroadmap.eu).
From the Brazilian group, it was launched in 2013 the synthesis work of research developed: DANTAS, E. W. C.. A visão da Europa no Brasil: as especificidades dos olhares alencarinos. In: MELLO-THÉRY , N. A. de; THÉRY, H. (Orgs.). Visões da Europa, representações e discursos. 1ed. São Paulo: AnnaBlume, 2013, v. 1, p. 217-252.

b) Alliances Program for Education and Training , The Organization of American States , the Coimbra Group of Brazilian Universities - PAEC OEA/GCUB

In 2014, we adhere to Alliances Program for Education and Training (APET) 2014, The Organization of American States (OAS) and the Coimbra Group of Brazilian Universities (CGBU) with support from Educational Themes Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil through the Alliances Program for Education and Training (APET).
This program supports graduate students in higher education in the Americas by offering academic scholarships for Masters and Doctoral programs in Brazilian universities. So, we booked a doctoral fellowship share of our program in 2015 in order to comply a Colombian student, Diana Tovar, supervised by Prof. Jeovah Meireles, and in 2016 a Venezuelan student, Gloria Bolivar, directed by Prof.. Adryane Gorayeb.
The body of international partnerships formed there is the possibility of characterizing the program policy in the internationalization process, with the presentation of the seven outlining actions implemented in this quadrennial assessment: The first action, minimizing dependence on foreign institutions in the field of staff training.As for the formation of doctors there is an independence of Postgraduate degree, passing to form doctors that are embedded in other institutions and even in the very UFC.
Regarding the postdoctoral program's investment in directing the implementation stages of: i. institutions Spanish and American, diversifying destinations, previously focused on French institutions; ii. African institutions, Postdoctoral stage of development associated with the dynamics of research and staff training in Cape Verde.
The second action, the establishment of symmetrical relations with institutions based on reasonable number of developed and based on projects financed by Brazilian and international development agencies countries. In addition to classic partners (CAPES, BR, CNRS and COFECUB, FR) is noteworthy expansion of partnerships with projects funded by the Carolina Foundation (ES) and, more recently, the Fulbright and National Science Foundation (USA).
Noteworthy: i. experience of teachers in our program as visiting professors at the Université de Paris IV and the possibility of replicating the same in American institutions; ii. theses co-guidelines in French and Spanish institutions.The third action, training of teachers and different nationality doctors of Brazil. In training professors in Cape Verde, under the auspices of project approved in the Pro-Africa.
The formation of doctors from Latin America, marked in accordance with the OAS. The fourth action on the involvement in doctoral co-guidelines (joint supervision) abroad (one in France and two in Spain) and receiving post-doctoral graduates in Spain (2). The fifth action, the possibility offered to our students conducting doctoral sandwich, much associated with agreements in Portugal, Spain and the United States. The sixth action, the involvement of foreign visiting professors in our program and associated with established agreements.
From an initial experience that allowed Prof. performance Jean-Pierre Peulvast as a professor of our program, to the participation, as guests of American colleagues at the University of Texas (Christian Brannstron and Wendy Jepson).
The seventh, but not least, action - the internationalization of scientific production of the program, serving papers in international journals (Herodote, Paris; Confins, Paris / Brazil; Géographie et Cultures, Paris; Journal of Coastal Research, Géomorphologie, Paris; Geodynamics Acta, Paris; Tectonophysics, Amsterdam, Geomorphology, Amsterdam) and books served on international publisher (SPRINGER).